Chełmno A A A
The town of Chełmno sits picturesquely on the nine hills of the Chełmno High Plains. It is the former capital of Chełmno Land, first mentioned in 1065. An early medieval settlement trading with Kałdus on St. Lawrence’s Hill (4 km from the present town) and the town of Starogród - the first seat of the Teutonic Commanders.
Chełmno provides visitors with a wide range of well-preserved buildings and interesting artifacts dating throughout periods since the Middle Ages. Highlights include the completely preserved grid-shaped structure of the ancient town centre with its 2,270 m long medieval wall. One of the most impressive examples of defensive architecture in Europe.
The Foundation Charter or so-called ‘Chełmno Rights’ were bestowed on Chełmno by the Teutonic Knights’ Order in 1233.
Additional attractions include the Gothic- Renaissance City Hall - one of the gems of the Pomeranian Renaissance, and the six Gothic churches dating to the 13th and 14th centuries. In 2005, the Old Town area was given another facet of significance by being put on the List of Historic Monuments by the President of the Republic of Poland.
Chełmno is also known as the ‘City of Lovers’ due to the fact that relics of St. Valentine have been housed in the parish church for centuries.